If you want to add a lush, green lawn to your yard, installing turf grass is a great option. Not only is it a low-maintenance alternative to traditional sod, but it's also a quick way to get a beautiful lawn in no time.
In this step-by-step guide, I'll walk you through installing turf grass from start to finish. Whether a seasoned DIYer or a beginner, I'll ensure you have all the information you need to get the job done right.
By the end of this guide, you'll have a lawn that's the envy of your neighborhood. So, let's get started!
Measure and calculate the square footage of the area for turf grass installation.
Measuring and calculating the amount of turf grass you need to buy is a critical step in the installation process.
Here's how to do it:
- You will need to measure the area you want to cover with turf grass. This is important so that you know how much turf to buy. Be accurate when measuring to have enough turf to cover the entire space.
- To calculate the area, multiply the length by the width of the area. For example, if the length is 10 feet and the width is 20 feet, then the area would be 200 square feet.
- Turf grass is usually sold in rolls that are 15 feet long and have different widths. Add 10% more to your square footage to ensure you have enough. This way, you will stay supplied and have extra in case some of it is damaged. For example, if your total square footage is 200 square feet, you would add 20 extra square feet to account for waste.
- The turf grass you need will depend on how wide the rolls are and how big the area you need to cover is. For example, if the rolls of turf grass are 12 feet wide and you need to cover an area that is 220 square feet, you would need at least two rolls.
- To calculate how many rolls you need, divide the total square footage by the width of the rolls. For example, if the rolls are 12 feet wide and you have 220 square feet, you would need 18.33 feet of turf. This would round up to two rolls.
By following these steps, you'll have a good estimate of the amount of turf grass you need to buy. Always check with your supplier to ensure you get the suitable size rolls for your project.
Remove existing grass, weeds, and debris and level the ground.
Once you have an estimate of the turf grass you need, the next step is to prepare your lawn for installation. This includes removing existing turf, weeds, and debris and leveling the ground.
- Remove existing grass and weeds: Use a sod cutter or manually dig up the existing grass and weeds. Remove as many of the roots as possible to prevent regrowth.
- Clear debris: Remove any rocks, sticks, leaves, or other debris from where the turf will be installed.
To prepare your yard for new turf, you will need to remove the existing turf and level the ground. You can use a turf cutter or spade to remove the turf. Then, use a rake to remove any weeds or debris. Finally, use a turf leveler or roller to ensure the ground is even and flat.
It is crucial to have an even base when installing turf. If you don't prepare the ground well, the turf might not last as long.
Compact the soil with a garden roller or heavy object.
Once you've removed the turf, weeds, and debris, it's time to compact the soil. This helps ensure that your turf will stay in place once laid.
Here are the steps to compact soil using a garden roller or heavy object:
- Prepare the area: Make sure the soil is evenly spread and leveled out before compacting it.
- Choose the right tool: A garden roller or a heavy object, such as a metal pipe or large rock, can compact soil. The weight of the roller or object should be sufficient to compress the soil and remove any air pockets.
- Start at one end: Begin at one end of the area you want to compact and slowly roll or drag the heavy object over the soil. Make multiple passes over the same area, moving in different directions to ensure even compaction.
- Check for uniformity: Regularly check the soil and adjust as needed. The soil should be compacted evenly and have no low or high spots.
- Repeat the process: Repeat the compaction process until the entire area is compacted.
- Test the soil by jumping on it or inserting a metal rod into the ground. Suppose the rod can be inserted into the soil with minimal resistance. In that case, the soil needs to be compacted enough, and you should repeat the process. If the rod can't be inserted at all, the ground may be too compacted, and you should add a layer of soil to the surface and repeat the compaction process.
Cover the soil with a weed barrier cloth.
To make sure that weeds do not invade your turf, it is important to lay down a weed barrier cloth before the turf installation. This sheet of fabric-like material prevents weed seeds from growing on the turf.
Here are the steps to cover the soil with a weed barrier cloth:
- Measure the area: Measure the length and width of the area where you want to install the weed barrier cloth. This will help you determine how many clothes you will need.
- Cut the cloth: Cut the weed barrier cloth to size, leaving enough extra material to overlap the edges.
- Lay the cloth: Lay the weed barrier cloth over the soil, ensuring it is flat and smooth.
- Secure the edges: Fold over the edges of the cloth and secure them in place with landscape staples, rocks, or heavy objects. This will prevent the fabric from shifting or moving.
- Overlap the seams: If you have multiple pieces of cloth, overlap the seams and secure them in place with landscape staples or heavy objects.
- Cover the cloth: Cover the weed barrier cloth with mulch, rocks, or another decorative material. This will not only help hide the fabric but also add weight to keep it in place.
- Check for leaks: Regularly check the weed barrier cloth for leaks or holes and patch them as needed.
Install a border around the area using bricks, stones, or plastic edging.
It is time to put turf on the dirt. Put turf along one side of the area you are working on. Then, move across the area until you get to the other side. Make sure that each turf touches the other piece without gaps.
Here are the steps to install a border around an area using bricks, stones, or plastic edging:
- Choose the material: Decide which material you want to use for the border, such as bricks, stones, or plastic edging.
- Measure the area: Measure the length and width of the area you want to border to determine how much material you need.
- Mark the border: Use spray paint or a garden hose to mark the outline of the border.
- Dig a trench: Dig a trench around the marked border, ensuring it is deep enough to accommodate the height of the material you are using.
- Lay the material: Lay the bricks, stones, or plastic edging in the trench, ensuring they are tightly packed together.
- Secure the material: Secure the bricks or stones by filling the spaces between them with soil, sand, or mortar. Secure the plastic edging by hammering the spikes that come with it into the ground.
- Fill the trench: Fill the trench around the border with soil, sand, or gravel to level the ground.
- Check for levelness: Check the border for levelness and make adjustments as needed.
- Add decorative elements: If desired, add decorative elements such as stones, pebbles, or mulch to the area inside the border to enhance the appearance.
Unroll the turf grass and place it on the weed barrier cloth with the grain facing in the same direction.
You are ready to unroll turf grass and place it on the weed barrier cloth.
Here are the steps to unroll turf grass and place it on the weed barrier cloth:
- Prepare the area: Ensure the ground is level, compact, and covered with weed barrier cloth before unrolling it.
- Unroll the turf: Unroll the turf grass in the direction you want the grain to face. Please do not allow the grass to crease or fold as you unroll it.
- Align the edges: Align the edges of the turf with the edges of the weed barrier cloth, ensuring the grass grain is facing in the same direction.
- Trim the turf: Trim the turf grass to fit the area, leaving enough material to overlap the edges of the weed barrier cloth.
- Overlap the edges: Overlap the edges of the turf grass to ensure a seamless and secure connection.
- Staple the turf: Secure the turf grass to the weed barrier cloth by stapling it along the edges. Use a heavy-duty staple gun and make sure the staples are spaced about 6-12 inches apart.
- Roll the turf: Use a garden roller or heavy object to roll the turf grass, ensuring it is firmly attached to the weed barrier cloth. This will help eliminate air pockets and ensure a smooth surface.
- Fill in the gaps: If any gaps or holes in the turf grass, fill them with soil or sand and roll the area again.
- Water the turf: To help it settle into place and encourage root growth, water the turf grass thoroughly.
Add a layer of mulch or decorative rock over the border.
Here are the steps to add a layer of mulch or decorative rock over the border:
- Choose the material: Decide which material you want to use for the border, such as mulch or decorative rock.
- Measure the area: Measure the length and width of the border to determine how much material you need.
- Prepare the border: Make sure the border is level and secure before adding the mulch or decorative rock.
- Spread the material: Spread the mulch or decorative rock evenly over the border, ensuring it covers the entire surface.
- Fill in gaps: If gaps or spaces exist in the border, fill them in with more material until the surface is level and even.
- Check for levelness: Check the border and make any necessary adjustments by adding or removing material.
Following the steps in this guide will help you install turf grass and add a decorative border that will last for years. With careful planning, turf grass can significantly add to any lawn or garden space. Be sure to take your time and ensure each step is done correctly for the best results.